The U.S. Food and Drug Administrationripretinib (Qinlock, Deciphera Pharmaceuticals) tablets as the first-ever drug specifically approved as a fourth-line treatment for advanced gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs).
A new kinase inhibitor,is indicated for patients previously treated with three or more other kinase inhibitor therapies, including imatinib.
“Despite the progress that has been made over the past 20 years in developing treatments for GIST … some patients don’t respond to treatment and their tumors continue to progress. Today’s approval provides a new treatment option for patients who have exhausted all FDA-approved therapies for GIST,” said Richard Pazdur, MD, acting director of the Office of Oncologic Diseases in the FDA’s Center for Drug Evaluation and Research.
Dr. Pazdur explained that the FDA has previously approved four targeted therapies for GISTs – imatinib in 2002, sunitinib in 2006, regorafenib in 2013, and avapritinib in 2020.
The new approval of ripretinib is based on the results of a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial that enrolled 129 patients with advanced GISTs whose disease progressed despite prior treatment with the other targeted therapies.
In the trial, patients received ripretinib or placebo once a day in 28-day cycles, until disease progression, or intolerable toxicity.
Median progression-free survival was 6.3 months in the ripretinib arm versus 1 month in the placebo arm.
The most common side effects with ripretinib were alopecia, fatigue, nausea, abdominal pain, constipation, myalgia, diarrhea, decreased appetite, palmar-plantar erythrodysesthesia syndrome, and vomiting.
Ripretinib also can cause skin cancer, hypertension, and cardiac dysfunction manifested as ejection fraction decrease.
The FDA collaborated with the Australian Therapeutic Goods Administration and Health Canada on the review of this application as part of.
This article first appeared on Medscape.com.