The Food and Drug Administration has approved darolutamide for nonmetastatic, castration-resistant prostate cancer.
The approval was based on improved metastasis-free survival (MFS) in the randomized ARAMIS trial of 1,509 patients with nonmetastatic, castration-resistant prostate cancer.
Median MFS was 40.4 months (95% confidence interval, 34.3 months to not reached) for patients treated with darolutamide, compared with 18.4 months (95% CI, 15.5-22.3 months) for those receiving placebo (hazard ratio, 0.41; 95% CI, 0.34-0.50; P less than .0001), according to the.
MFS is defined as the time from randomization to first evidence of distant metastasis or death from any cause within 33 weeks after the last evaluable scan, whichever occurred first.
In, patients were randomized 2:1 to receive either 600 mg darolutamide orally twice daily (n = 955) or matching placebo (n = 554). All patients received a gonadotropin-releasing hormone analog concurrently or had a previous bilateral orchiectomy. Twelve patients with previous seizure histories were treated on the darolutamide arm.
Overall survival data is not yet mature, the FDA said.
The most common adverse reactions in patients who received darolutamide were fatigue, extremity pain, and rash. Ischemic heart disease (4.3%) and heart failure (2.1%) were more common on the darolutamide arm, while seizure incidence was similar in the two arms (0.2%).
The recommended darolutamide dose is 600 mg (two 300-mg tablets) administered orally twice daily with food. Patients should also receive a gonadotropin-releasing hormone analog concurrently or should have had bilateral orchiectomy, the FDA said.
Darolutamide is marketed as Nubeqa by Bayer HealthCare Pharmaceuticals.