The tyrosine kinase inhibitor is nowfor use in combination with chemotherapy to treat pediatric patients aged 1 year and older who have newly diagnosed, Philadelphia-chromosome-positive (Ph+) acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).
Dasatinib is already approved for use in children aged 1 year and older who have chronic phase, Ph+ chronic myeloid leukemia (CML).
In adults, dasatinib is approved to treat newly diagnosed, Ph+, chronic phase CML; chronic, accelerated, or myeloid/lymphoid blast phase, Ph+ CML with resistance or intolerance to prior therapy including imatinib; and Ph+ ALL with resistance or intolerance to prior therapy. The approval in children with Ph+ ALL is based on data from a phase 2 study (CA180-372,).
In this trial, researchers evaluated dasatinib in combination with the AIEOP-BFM ALL 2000 multi-agent chemotherapy protocol in patients (aged 1-17 years) with newly diagnosed, B-cell precursor, Ph+ ALL.
There were 78 patients evaluated for efficacy in cohort 1. They received dasatinib at a daily dose of 60 mg/m2 for up to 24 months.
Patients with central nervous system 3 disease received cranial irradiation, and patients were assigned to stem cell transplant based on minimal residual disease if they were thought to have a high risk of relapse.
The 3-year event-free survival rate in the 78 patients was 64.1%.
There were 81 patients evaluable for safety who received dasatinib continuously in combination with chemotherapy. Their median duration of treatment was 24 months.
The most common adverse events (AEs) in these patients were mucositis, febrile neutropenia, pyrexia, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, musculoskeletal pain, abdominal pain, cough, headache, rash, fatigue, and constipation.
Eight patients (10%) had AEs leading to treatment discontinuation. These included fungal sepsis, hepatotoxicity in the setting of graft-versus-host disease, thrombocytopenia, cytomegalovirus infection, pneumonia, nausea, enteritis, and drug hypersensitivity.
Three patients (4%) had fatal AEs, all infections.
This trial was sponsored by Bristol-Myers Squibb. Additional data are available in the