Health Canada has approved Jivi® (antihemophilic factor [recombinant, B-domain deleted, PEGylated]) for use in patients with hemophilia A.
Jivi (formerly BAY94-9027) is a DNA-derived, factor VIII concentrate developed by Bayer.
Health Canada has approved Jivi for use as routine prophylaxis to prevent or reduce the frequency of bleeding episodes in previously treated hemophilia A patients age 12 and older.
Jivi is also approved for the control and prevention of episodic bleeding and for perioperative management of bleeding.
The recommended initial dosing for Jivi as prophylaxis is twice weekly, with the ability to dose every 5 days and further adjust dosing based on bleeding episodes.
Health Canada’s approval of Jivi is based on the PROTECT VIII trial. Results from this trial are available in the U.S. prescribing information for Jivi.
PROTECT VIII enrolled previously treated adults and adolescents (ages 12 to 65) with severe hemophilia A.
In part A, researchers evaluated different dosing regimens for Jivi used as prophylaxis and on-demand treatment. An optional extension study was available to patients who completed part A. In part B, Jivi was used for perioperative management of bleeding.
In part A, there were 132 patients in the intent‐to‐treat population—112 in the prophylaxis group and 20 in the on-demand group.
Patients received Jivi for 36 weeks. For the first 10 weeks, patients in the prophylaxis group received twice-weekly dosing at 25 IU/kg.
Patients with more than one bleed during this time went on to receive 30–40 IU/kg twice weekly. Patients with one or fewer bleeds were eligible for randomization to dosing every 5 days (45–60 IU/kg) or every 7 days (60 IU/kg).
The median annualized bleeding rate (ABR) was 4.1 for the patients who were treated twice weekly and were not eligible for randomization (n=13) and 1.9 for patients who were eligible for randomization but continued on twice-weekly treatment (n=11).
The median ABR was 1.9 for patients who were randomized to treatment every 5 days (n=43) and 0.96 for patients who completed prophylaxis with dosing every 7 days (32/43).
The median ABR for patients treated on demand was 24.1.
There were 388 treated bleeds in the on-demand group and 317 treated bleeds in the prophylaxis group. Overall, 73.3% of responses to treatment were considered “excellent” or “good,” 23.3% were considered “moderate,” and 3.3% were considered “poor.”
There were 17 patients who underwent 20 major surgeries in part B or the extension study and 10 patients who underwent minor surgeries in part A. Jivi provided “good” or “excellent” hemostatic control during all surgeries.
Safety data are available for 148 patients age 12 and older.
Adverse events in these patients included abdominal pain (3%), nausea (5%), vomiting (3%), injection site reactions (1%), pyrexia (5%), hypersensitivity (2%), dizziness (2%), headache (14%), insomnia (3%), cough (7%), erythema (1%), pruritus (1%), rash (2%), and flushing (1%).
A factor VIII inhibitor was reported in one adult patient, but repeat testing did not confirm the report.
One adult with asthma had a clinical hypersensitivity reaction and a transient increase of IgM anti-PEG antibody titer, which was negative upon retesting.