Thewho have received at least two prior therapies, including lenalidomide and a proteasome inhibitor.
Elotuzumab is already approved in combination with lenalidomide and dexamethasone to treat adult myeloma patients who have received one to three prior therapies.
The FDA’s latestof elotuzumab is based on results from . This phase 2 trial enrolled multiple myeloma patients who had refractory or relapsed disease and had received both lenalidomide and a proteasome inhibitor.
In the trial, patients were randomized to receive elotuzumab plus pomalidomide and dexamethasone (EPd, n = 60) or pomalidomide and dexamethasone (Pd, n = 57) in 28-day cycles until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
The overall response rate was 53.3% in the EPd arm and 26.3% in the Pd arm (P = .0029); the rate of complete response or stringent complete response was 8.3% and 1.8%, respectively.
Median progression-free survival was 10.25 months with EPd and 4.67 months with Pd (P = .0078).
Serious adverse events occurred in 22% of patients in the EPd arm and 15% in the Pd arm. The most frequent serious adverse events were pneumonia and respiratory tract infection.
Additional results from ELOQUENT-3 can be found in the full prescribing information for elotuzumab, which is available on the.
Bristol-Myers Squibb and AbbVie are codeveloping elotuzumab, with Bristol-Myers Squibb solely responsible for commercial activities.