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Myeloperoxidase elevated in HCV-related liver cancer



Myeloperoxidase (MPO) expression was significantly higher in hepatitis C virus (HCV)–related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cases when compared with cirrhotic patients, according to a study of 59 patients with HCV-related liver disease.

HCV is the main cause of liver disease, wrote Mohamed Abdel-Hamed, MD, of Minia University in Egypt, and his colleagues. In addition, HCV is associated with significant oxidative stress, which has been identified as a significant metabolic pathway culminating in hepatic cirrhosis, liver failure, and liver cancer. Thus the researchers studied the role of MPO, an oxidative enzyme released at sites of inflammation, in the possible etiology of HCV-related liver cancer.

The patients were divided into two groups, 25 with HCC and 34 with chronic liver diseases with cirrhosis. All patients were examined immunohistochemically to demonstrate the expression of myeloperoxidase, according to the report published in Meta Gene.

Subjects with HCC showed markedly increased MPO expression when compared with MPO expression in hepatocytes of subjects with liver cirrhosis, who mostly showed a mild degree of expression. In addition, no mild expression of MPO was detected in the subjects with HCC. These findings were highly statistically significant (P less than .0001), according to Dr. Abdel-Hamed and his colleagues.

“The present study showed that marked expression of MPO plays an important role in the pathogenesis of HCV-associated HCC,” the authors stated. “This study could provide valuable, predictive parameters that can be used clinically in the prognosis of HCC patients.”

The authors did not report any disclosures.

SOURCE: Abdel-Hamid M et al. Meta Gene. 2018 Dec;18:1-8.

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