Conference Coverage

CardioMEMS cuts heart failure hospitalizations in post-approval study


 

REPORTING FROM ACC 2019

– Frequent, noninvasive measurement of pulmonary artery pressure in patients with advanced heart failure and an implanted CardioMEMS device that allows this measurement led to management that produced a substantial reduction in heart failure hospitalizations, compared with each patient’s history, in a real-world study.

Dr. David M. Shavelle

The Food and Drug Administration–mandated CardioMEMS Post-Approval Study included 1,200 patients who received CardioMEMS implants after it received U.S. marketing approval. The study showed that when clinicians and patients used the device in routine practice, presumably as part of a structured management system designed to take advantage of the pulmonary artery (PA) pressures the device provides, the result safely produced a 58% cut in heart failure hospitalizations during the year following device placement when compared to each patient’s own hospitalization history during the year before they got the CardioMEMS device, David M. Shavelle, MD, said at the at the annual meeting of the American College of Cardiology. This statistically significant result for the study’s primary endpoint showed an absolute reduction in the average rate of heart failure hospitalizations from 1.24 per patient during the year before the CardioMEMS placement to 0.52 hospitalizations per patient during the 12 months after placement, an average reduction of 0.72 hospitalizations/patient, said Dr. Shavelle, an interventional cardiologist at the University of Southern California in Los Angeles.

Another notable finding was that this benefit from CardioMEMS placement and use occurred at roughly similar rates in patients with New York Heart Association class III heart failure regardless of whether they had a reduced ejection fraction (40% or less), a mid-range ejection fraction (41%-50%), or preserved ejection fraction (greater than 50%), making CardioMEMS use one of the few treatments to produce any proven benefit in patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction. In that subgroup, 30% of the 1,200 enrolled patients had an average cut of 0.68 hospitalizations in the year after CardioMEMS implantation, a 61% drop, relative to the year before they received the device.

The results also fulfilled the study’s two prespecified safety measures. Among the 1,214 patients in the study assessed for safety, which included the 1,200 patients who received the device and 4 patients in whom placement failed, 4 patients had a device or system related complication during the study, a 0.3% rate, compared with a prespecified objective performance criteria of less than 20%. Among the 1,200 patients with a functioning CardioMEMS sensor, one patient (0.1%) had a device failure, compared with the study’s objective performance criteria of less than 10%.

The performance of the CardioMEMS device and the benefit it provided to patients in the post-approval study closely tracked its performance during the published pivotal trial (Lancet. 2011 Feb 19;377[9766]:658-66). On the basis of the pivotal trial results, the FDA approved CardioMEMS for U.S. marketing in 2014. Since then, the company has reported that about 10,000 U.S. heart failure patients have received these devices, Dr. Shavelle said.

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