Cosmetic Dermatology

Update on Noninvasive Body Contouring Techniques

Author and Disclosure Information

 

References

Lasers

Laser technology is a rapidly growing modality in noninvasive body contouring. A novel device recently emerged as the first and only FDA-cleared hyperthermic laser for fat reduction and noninvasive body contouring of the abdomen, flanks, back, inner and outer thighs, and submental area.40,41 The device is a 1060-nm diode laser that uses thermal energy to destroy adipose tissue, leading to permanent reduction in stubborn fat without surgery or downtime through the use of a flat, nonsuction applicator that is designed for consistent, natural-looking results. The device includes a contact cooling system that helps to limit thermal discomfort and prevent damage to the surface of the skin during the procedure. Initial improvement can be seen as quickly as 6 weeks posttreatment, and optimal results usually occur in as few as 12 weeks. This device was found to have an excellent safety profile and was well tolerated among patients, with only mild pain reported.42,43

Prior to the development of this new 1060-nm diode laser, the initial application of lasers for noninvasive body contouring involved low-level laser therapy (LLLT), also known as cold laser therapy.40 One device has 5 rotating diode laser heads that work at a wavelength of 635 nm. Treatment sessions last up to 30 minutes, and 6 to 8 sessions are required to obtain optimal results. Low-level laser therapy is a unique modality that is not based on thermal tissue damage, but rather on producing transient microscopic pores in adipocytes that allow lipids to leak out, leading to fat reduction.34 Because LLLT causes immediate emptying of targeted adipocytes, results are noticeable as soon as treatment is completed; however, there is no necrosis or apoptosis of adipocytes, so the recurrence of fat deposition is believed to be greater when compared to the other modalities. Because the results are temporary, long-term or permanent results should not be expected with LLLT. Depending on the patient’s goals, the temporary nature of the results can be either an advantage or disadvantage: some may prefer immediate results despite gradual diminishment over subsequent months, whereas others may prefer results that progressively increase over time and are more permanent, as seen with cryolipolysis, HIFU, and RF.3

Complications of LLLT generally are fewer and more mild than with all other body contouring procedures, with several studies reporting no adverse effects.44-48 Others reported swelling or erythema at the treatment area, pain or tingling during treatment, and increased urination, all of which were temporary and resolved spontaneously.49 Additionally, although the lipids released from treatment are cleared through the lymphatic system, LLLT has not been shown to increase serum lipid levels.50

Conclusion

The field of noninvasive body contouring is undoubtedly growing and will likely continue to rise in popularity as the efficacy and safety of these treatments improve. Although the available technologies vary by mechanism and side effect profiles, several devices have been revealed to be safe and effective in reducing subcutaneous fat tissue and improving skin laxity.1 However, additional studies are needed to evaluate these devices in a standardized manner, especially considering the high costs associated with treatment.32 Current studies investigating these devices vary in treatment protocol, treatment area, number and timing of follow-up sessions, and outcome measures, making it challenging to compare the results objectively.3 Dermatologists offering body contouring treatments need to be intimately familiar with the available devices and determine which treatment is appropriate for each patient in order to provide the highest quality care. Most importantly, patients and physicians must discuss individual goals when choosing a body-contouring method in order to maximize patient satisfaction.

Next Article: