CE/CME No: CR-1410
Earn credit by reading this article and successfully completing the posttest and evaluation. Successful completion is defined as a cumulative score of at least 70% correct.
• Identify risk factors for the development of spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis
• Discuss the differential diagnoses associated with low back pain
• Describe physical examination findings consistent with spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis
• List the imaging modalities that may be used to confirm these diagnoses and explain the indications for each
• Identify when a pediatric patient with low back pain should be referred to an orthopedic or neurologic specialist for further evaluation and treatment
Shannon P. More is a pediatric nurse practitioner in New York City. Rita Marie John is a Professor at the Columbia University School of Nursing in New York City. The authors have no significant financial relationships to disclose.
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