FDA approves new treatment for hospital-acquired, ventilator-associated bacterial pneumonia


The Food and Drug Administration has approved a new indication for Zerbaxa (ceftolozane and tazobactam), authorizing it for the treatment of both hospital-acquired and ventilator-associated bacterial pneumonia.

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The new indication is for patients 18 years and older. It was based on results of a multinational, double-blind study that compared Zerbaxa with a different antibacterial drug in 726 patients hospitalized with hospital-acquired/ventilator-associated bacterial pneumonia. Mortality and cure rates were similar in the Zerbaxa and comparator groups.

The most common adverse events observed in the trial were elevated liver enzyme levels, renal impairment or failure, and diarrhea. Patients with hypersensitivity to beta-lactam drugs should not be receive Zerbaxa.

“A key global challenge we face as a public health agency is addressing the threat of antimicrobial-resistant infections. Hospital-acquired and ventilator-associated bacterial pneumonia are serious infections that can result in death in some patients. ... That’s why, among our other efforts to address antimicrobial resistance, we’re focused on facilitating the development of safe and effective new treatments to give patients more options to fight life-threatening infections,” said Amy Abernethy, MD, PhD, the FDA’s principal deputy commissioner.

Zerbaxa was initially approved in 2014 for treatment of complicated intra-abdominal and urinary tract infections.

Find the full press release on the FDA website.

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