Biologic treatments were not associated with an increased risk of cancer among patients with psoriasis in the medium term, in a study that analyzed data from patient registries.
“Cumulative length of exposure to biologics was not associated with the risk of developing cancers, even after controlling for the effect of age, gender, location,” as well as for previous exposure to methotrexate, cyclosporine, and phototherapy; duration of psoriasis; and comorbidities, reported, of the Fundación Academia Española de Dermatología y Venereología, Madrid, and his associates.
The pooled adjusted odds ratio of cancer per year of biologic exposure was 1.02 (95% confidence interval, 0.92-1.13), demonstrating no significantly increased risk of cancer per cumulative year of biologic exposure for psoriasis therapy, Dr. García-Doval and his associates reported in the, published in the British Journal of Dermatology. This was true even when broken down within the registries for comparison, and when analyzed by type of cancers, such as squamous cell carcinoma and basal cell carcinoma.
A limitation of the study was inadequate power to detect and compare risk between individual biologics, they said. Also, “as our data describe limited follow-up and latencies, it is still possible that a risk after longer periods of exposure and latencies exists.”
Most of the authors had numerous financial disclosures related to pharmaceutical companies. Psonet was supported with funds from the European Association of Venereology and Dermatology and the Italian Drug Agency. Funding for the individual registries includes support from pharmaceutical companies.
SOURCE: García-Doval I et al. Br J Dermatol. 2018 May 3. .