CE/CME

Heart Failure: A Dynamic Approach to Classification and Management

Author and Disclosure Information

Heart failure is a complex syndrome with a spectrum of signs and symptoms that range from asymptomatic to terminal. This variability of presentation, paired with the irreversibility of the process, make it both difficult and critical to identify this syndrome early to prevent progression. Here is an overview of the classification and common presentations of heart failure, as well as a guide to diagnostic modalities and treatment options.


 

References


CE/CME No: CR-1805

PROGRAM OVERVIEW
Earn credit by reading this article and successfully completing the posttest and evaluation. Successful completion is defined as a cumulative score of at least 70% correct.

EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES
• Develop an understanding of the classification of heart failure and its associated signs and symptoms.
• Describe clinical findings of heart failure from the physical exam.
• Understand the utility of laboratory and imaging studies for diagnosis of heart failure and its underlying causes.
• Demonstrate knowledge of nonpharmacotherapeutic and pharmacotherapeutic options for managing heart failure.

FACULTY
Michael Roscoe is Chair/Program Director and Associate Professor, Andrew Lampkins is Associate Professor, Sean Harper is Assistant Professor, and Gina Niemeier is Associate Program Director and Assistant Professor, in the PA Department at the University of Evansville in Indiana.

The authors have no financial relationships to disclose.

ACCREDITATION STATEMENT

This program has been reviewed and is approved for a maximum of 1.0 hour of American Academy of Physician Assistants (AAPA) Category 1 CME credit by the Physician Assistant Review Panel. [NPs: Both ANCC and the AANP Certification Program recognize AAPA as an approved provider of Category 1 credit.] Approval is valid through April 30, 2019.

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