Three rheumatologic emergencies: A sore toe, a cough, hypertension
Brian F. Mandell, MD, PhD
Rheumatic and Immunologic Diseases, Center for Vasculitis Care and Research, Vice Chairman of Medicine for Educational Affairs, The Cleveland Clinic Foundation; Editor-in-Chief, Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine
Address: Brian F. Mandell, MD, PhD, Division of Education, NA20, The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, 9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, Oh 44195; e-mail email@example.com
Medical Grand Rounds articles are based on edited transcripts from Division of Medicine Grand Rounds presentations at The Cleveland Clinic. They are approved by the author but are not peer-reviewed.
This paper discusses therapies that are experimental or that are not approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for the use under discussion.
ABSTRACTPatients often present to internists with symptoms that can represent a minor illness or a rheumatologic emergency. This paper discusses the recognition and treatment of three rheumatologic emergencies: septic arthritis, alveolar hemorrhage as a complication of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and scleroderma renal crisis.