Understanding valvular heart disease in patients with systemic autoimmune diseases
Kathleen Maksimowicz-McKinnon, DO
Department of Rheumatology, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA
Brian F. Mandell, MD, PhD
Department of Rheumatic and Immunologic Diseases, Vice-Chairman of Medicine for Education, The Cleveland Clinic Foundation; Deputy Editor, Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine
Address: Brian F. Mandell, MD, PhD, Vice-Chairman of Medicine for Education, NA20, The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, 9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44195; email firstname.lastname@example.org
ABSTRACTSpecific systemic autoimmune diseases are associated with distict valvular heart disorders. We discuss the valvular disorders associated with rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, antiphospholipid antibody syndrome, the seronegative spondyloarthropathies, the systemic vasculitides, and scleroderma.