Key clinical point: Sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors (SGLT-2I) offered advantages over dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors (DPP-4I) for preventing major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), heart failure (HF) hospitalizations, and all-cause mortality in frail patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) who were recently hospitalized.
Major finding: The rates of MACE (subdistribution hazard ratio [sHR] 0.51; 95% CI 0.46-0.56), HF hospitalization (sHR 0.42; 95% CI 0.36-0.49), and all-cause mortality (HR 0.38; 95% CI 0.33-0.43) were significantly lower in patients receiving SGLT-2I vs DPP-4I.
Study details: The data come from a cohort study of 32,043 patients aged ≥30 years with T2D who were recently discharged from hospital, of which 5152 received SGLT-2I and 26,891 received DPP-4I.
Disclosures: This study received no specific funding. JS Bell, JE Shaw, J Ilomaki, and M Cesari declared receiving personal fees or research grants from various sources.
Source: Wood SJ et al. Effectiveness of sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors vs. dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors in frail people with diabetes who were recently hospitalized. Front Pharmacol. 2022;13:886834 (Jul 12). Doi: 10.3389/fphar.2022.886834