Case Reports

Septic Arthritis and Osteomyelitis Due to the Chromoblastomycosis Agent Fonsecaea pedrosoi

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Fonsecaea pedrosoi is the most common agent of chromoblastomycosis, a chronic localized fungal infection of the skin and subcutaneous tissues mainly involving the lower extremities. We report a rare case of septic arthritis and osteomyelitis due to the chromoblastomycosis agent F pedrosoi, which was successfully treated with arthrotomy and debridement, followed by a long course of oral antifungal therapy. To our knowledge, this is the second case of F pedrosoi osteomyelitis treated successfully to be ever reported.


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