GRAPEVINE, TEXAS – Performing a total salpingectomy at the time of cesarean delivery added just over 6 minutes of operative time, compared with cesarean delivery and conventional sterilization, according to a recent systematic review and meta-analysis.
Although surgery took a little longer with salpingectomy, there was no increase in surgical complications, Jared Roeckner, MD, said in an interview at the Pregnancy Meeting, sponsored by the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine. “Total salpingectomy could provide an effective means of contraception and reduce the risk of future ovarian cancer,” he said.
Dr. Roeckner, a maternal-fetal medicine fellow at the University of South Florida, Tampa, explained in an interview that the systematic review and meta-analysis comprised 11 studies and included 320,443 women who received salpingectomy or standard sterilization methods. Eight cohort studies and three randomized controlled trials were included in the analysis, which was presented in a poster session at the meeting and in a simultaneous publication in.
The review’s results, wrote Dr. Roeckner and colleagues, “suggest total salpingectomy should be offered to women interested in ovarian cancer risk-reduction interventions [who] plan to undergo sterilization at the time of cesarean delivery.”
The eight cohort studies included 7,303 women. In these studies, women who received total salpingectomy at the time of cesarean delivery had operative time – defined as the time from skin incision to skin closure – 6.3 minutes longer than women who received a standard sterilization method (95% confidence interval, 3.5-9.1). The difference in duration of procedure for the three randomized controlled trials was not statistically significant between the two procedures.
Dr. Roeckner and colleagues noted that two of the randomized controlled trials reported times for the sterilization procedures. One study found a duration of 5.6 minutes for salpingectomy with a bipolar device and 6.1 minutes for tubal interruption; the other study compared salpingectomy with suture ligation and tubal interruption, finding operative times of 18.5 and 6.9 minutes, respectively.
In addition to the primary outcome of operative time, Dr. Roeckner and colleagues looked at rates of a variety of complications. These included transfusion, estimated blood loss, change in hemoglobin, wound infection, internal organ damage, readmission, reoperation, and length of stay. Salpingectomy was not associated with higher rates of any of these complications.
“Our main finding was that salpingectomy at the time of cesarean delivery may be associated with a small increase in operative time, but it doesn’t appear to be associated with an increased rate of surgical complications,” the researchers wrote.
One concern that’s been raised about the strategy of salpingectomy is the possibility of reduction of ovarian reserve related to decreased blood supply to the ovaries. However, noted Dr. Roeckner and coinvestigators, other studies have not shown decreases in anti-Müllerian hormone levels or other real-world signals for reduced ovarian reserve.
It’s true, the investigators acknowledged, that there is no possibility for reanastomosis and future fertility with salpingectomy. However, they observed that if the possibility for future fertility exists, conventional tubal ligation should not be performed.
Despite the thoroughness of the review and the investigators’ emphasis on adhering to best practices for systematic reviews and meta-analysis, they acknowledged that there were few studies, which resulted in some difficulties with statistical power. Still, they said, “there does not appear to be a trend toward increased complications among the salpingectomy cohort.”
Dr. Roeckner reported no outside sources of funding and no conflicts of interest.
SOURCE: Roeckner J et al. Pregnancy Meeting, Abstract P180; .