Conference Coverage

Drug-coated balloon advantage persists in femoral artery disease



NEW YORK – Follow-up to 5 years is now available for a drug-coated balloon (DCB) device used to treat superficial femoral artery (SFA) occlusion. John Laird, MD, of the Adventist Heart Institute, St. Helena, Calif., presented the data at a symposium on vascular and endovascular issues sponsored by the Cleveland Clinic Foundation.

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The data were drawn from the IN.PACT trial. In this trial, 331 patients were randomized to a paclitaxel-coated DCB device or standard percutaneous balloon angioplasty (PCBA), Dr. Laird explained.

The 5-year results are consistent with those previously reported at 1, 2, and 3 years. According to Dr. Laird, DCB continues to show an advantage for major outcomes over PCBA, and adverse events remain low.

Three DCB devices now available in the United States for dilatation of narrowed SFA. Although all have been associated with a reduced risk of target lesion revascularization relative to standard PCBA, the long-term follow-up presented from IN.PACT by Dr. Laird are the first to document 5-year outcomes.

In a video interview, Dr. Laird reported that there have been no thrombotic events since the 3-year results were presented.

Overall, he explains that the long-term outcomes provide additional confirmation that DCB is a safe procedure that reduces the need for stenting in SFA occlusions. Although he believes there might be clinically significant differences between available DCB devices, he concludes that DCB can be considered the first-line therapy for treating occluded femoral-popliteal arteries.

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