SAN DIEGO – Among patients hospitalized for acute medical illnesses, the risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) remained elevated 30-40 days after discharge, results from a large analysis of national data showed.
Moreover, only 7% of at-risk patients received VTE prophylaxis in both the inpatient and outpatient setting.
According to Dr. Amin, who chairs the department of medicine at the University of California, Irvine, hospitalized patients with acute medical illnesses face an increased risk for VTE during hospital discharge, mainly within 40 days following hospital admission. However, the treatment patterns of VTE prophylaxis in this patient population have not been well studied in the “real-world” setting. In an effort to improve this area of clinical practice, the researchers used the Marketscan database between Jan. 1, 2012, and June 30, 2015, to identify acutely ill hospitalized patients, such as those with heart failure, respiratory diseases, ischemic stroke, cancer, infectious diseases, and rheumatic diseases. The key outcomes of interest were the proportion of patients receiving inpatient and outpatient VTE prophylaxis and the proportion of patients with VTE events during and after the index hospitalization. They used Kaplan-Meier analysis to examine the risk for VTE events after the index inpatient admission.
The mean age of the 17,895 patients was 58 years, 55% were female, and most (77%) were from the Southern area of the United States. Their mean Charlson Comborbidity Index score prior to hospitalization was 2.2. Nearly all hospitals (87%) were urban based, nonteaching (95%), and large, with 68% having at least 300 beds. Nearly three-quarters of patients (72%) were hospitalized for infectious and respiratory diseases, and the mean length of stay was 5 days.
Dr. Amin and his associates found that 59% of hospitalized patients did not receive any VTE prophylaxis, while only 7% received prophylaxis in both the inpatient and outpatient continuum of care. At the same time, cumulative VTE rates within 40 days of index admission were highest among patients hospitalized for infectious diseases and cancer (3.4% each), followed by those with heart failure (3.1%), respiratory diseases (2%), ischemic stroke (1.5%), and rheumatic diseases (1.3%). The cumulative VTE event rate for the overall study population within 40 days from index hospitalization was nearly 3%, with 60% of VTE events having occurred within 40 days.
The study was funded by Portola Pharmaceuticals. Dr. Amin reported having no financial disclosures.
SOURCE: Amin A et al. THSNA 2018, .