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FDA will review pediatric indication for roflumilast cream


Roflumilast cream 0.3% is under review by the Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of plaque psoriasis in children as young as 2 years, according to a press release from the manufacturer.

The company, Arcutis Biotherapeutics, announced the submission of a supplemental new drug application for approval of roflumilast cream (Zoryve), a topical phosphodiesterase-4 (PDE-4) inhibitor, to treat psoriasis in children aged 2-11 years. If approved, this would be the first such product for young children with plaque psoriasis, according to the press release. In July 2022, the FDA approved roflumilast cream 0.3% for the treatment of plaque psoriasis in people 12 years of age and older, including in intertriginous areas, based on data from the phase 3 DERMIS-1 and DERMIS-2 trials.

The new submission is supported by data from two 4-week Maximal Usage Systemic Exposure (MUSE) studies in children ages 2-11 years with plaque psoriasis. In these phase 2, open-label studies, one study of children aged 2-5 years and another study of children aged 6-11 years, participants were treated with roflumilast cream 0.3% once daily for 4 weeks. The MUSE studies are also intended to fulfill postmarketing requirements for roflumilast, according to the company. The MUSE results were consistent with those from DERMIS-1 and DERMIS-2, according to the company press release. In DERMIS-1 and DERMIS-2, significantly more patients randomized to roflumilast met criteria for Investigators Global Success (IGA) scores after 8 weeks of daily treatment compared with placebo patients, and significantly more achieved a 75% reduction in Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) scores compared with those on placebo.

Common adverse events associated with roflumilast include diarrhea, headache, insomnia, nausea, application site pain, upper respiratory tract infection, and urinary tract infection. None of these have been reported in more than 3% of patients, the press release noted.

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