Conference Coverage

‘Type II’ SLE assessment catches what matters to patients



– For almost a year, lupus patients at Duke University in Durham, N.C., have been getting two physician global assessments, the usual one for classic “type I” disease, and a new one for nonspecific “type II” symptoms: fatigue, widespread pain, depression, sleep disturbance, and cognitive dysfunction.

Dr. Jennifer Rogers, Duke University, Durham, N.C. M. Alexander Otto/MDedge News

Dr. Jennifer Rogers

It’s often the type II problems that affect patients the most, and what they are most concerned about; formally assessing them with the type II physician global assessment (PGA) – a 0- to 3-point visual analog scale – ensures they aren’t overlooked, said Jennifer Rogers, MD, assistant professor of rheumatology at Duke.

It “forces us to address these symptoms,” she said, and the approach seems to be working, according to a study Dr. Rogers presented at an international congress on systemic lupus erythematosus.

In the 5 months leading up to implementation of the PGA II in late spring 2018, type II problems had treatment recommendations in patients’ charts just 53% of the time; the number rose to 89% of the time during the PGA II’s first 5 months (P = .03). Type II PGA scores correlated strongly with patient-reported fibromyalgia and depression symptoms, but did not correlate with PGA scores for type I symptoms, such as nephritis and arthritis.

Type II problems are common in lupus. Patients’ joints might be fine, and their kidney disease in remission, but they can still feel miserable, and will often blame it on a lupus flare. Physicians who disagree end up at odds with their patients, Dr. Rogers explained.

“We decided to rethink how we address these patients, and came up with this new type I, type II categorization.” Now, when paints complain of brain fog, for example, “I say ‘yes, this is your lupus. I believe you,’ but we don’t need to give you more steroids or very expensive immunosuppressives for this. What you need to do is take your Cymbalta, work on your exercise, and maybe see your therapist,” she said.

It validates what people are going through, and builds trust. “Patients like it; they feel heard, and I walk out of the room, and I feel better,” she said.

During its first 5 months, 197 patients had PGAs for type II symptoms, along with type I PGAs. The average age of the patients was 46 years, and 92% were women.

Patients with predominately type II symptoms were more likely than were those with predominately type I disease to be depressed (84% versus 39%), and they reported higher lupus activity, greater symptom severity, and more severe fibromyalgia. The differences were statistically significant.

Type II treatments included medications in 60% of cases, exercise or physical therapy in almost 60% of cases, sleep studies or help with sleep hygiene in about 35%, and psychiatric or psychological referral in almost 20%. Less than 5% of patients were referred to a pain clinic.

There was no external funding for the study, and Dr. Rogers didn’t have any disclosures.

SOURCE: Rogers J et al. Lupus Sci Med. 2019;6[suppl 1]: Abstract 102. doi: 10.1136/lupus-2019-lsm.102

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