Understanding biosimilars

Thursday, February 6, 2020

Think of biosimilars as your mother’s minestrone soup: It’s the same recipe and ingredients every time, but not every batch is chemically identical, even if it tastes about the same. That’s how Brian T. Hill, MD, PhD, of the Cleveland Clinic, describes biosimilars. He joins Blood & Cancer host David H. Henry, MD, of Pennsylvania Hospital, Philadelphia, to discuss how biosimilars are made and approved, and how they differ from generic drugs.

In Clinical Correlation, Ilana Yurkiewicz, MD, of Stanford (Calif.) University, talks about percentages -- what they mean, what they don’t mean, and how they can be interpreted in oncology.

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What are biosimilars?

  • Monoclonal antibodies and biologics are complex and large proteins that are made in cells and bioreactors. Because they are made in “nature” instead of a synthetic reaction (discussed with generics), slight differences can be expected in the molecular structure.
  • Those slight variances do not create clinically meaningful differences between the biosimilar and the original product.
  • Biosimilars go through very stringent review by the Food and Drug Administration and head-to-head clinical trials with the originator drug.

Biosimilar vs. generic drug

  • This is in contrast to a “generic” drug. In generic drugs, the chemical composition of all brands is synthesized identically.
  • An insurance company may approve a biosimilar, but not the originator drug.
  • Monoclonal biosimilars are on the way as the patent expires; this could soon mean that Herceptin (trastuzumab) will have a biosimilar.

Points:

  • Insurance driven or otherwise, both Dr. Hill and Dr. Henry would be comfortable using biosimilars.

Show notes by Ronak Mistry, DO, resident in the department of internal medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia.

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Ilana Yurkiewicz on Twitter: @ilanayurkiewicz

Podcast Participants

David Henry, MD
David Henry, MD, FACP, is a clinical professor of medicine at the University of Pennsylvania and vice chairman of the department of medicine at Pennsylvania Hospital in Philadelphia. He received his bachelor’s degree from Princeton University and his MD from the University of Pennsylvania, then completed his internship, residency, and fellowship at the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania. After 2 years as an attending in the U.S. Air Force, he was drawn to practicing as a hem-onc because of the close patient contact and interaction, and his belief that, win or lose with each patient, one can always make a difference in their care and lives. Follow Dr. Henry on Twitter: @davidhenrymd.
Ilana Yurkiewicz, MD
Ilana Yurkiewicz, MD, is a fellow in hematology and oncology at Stanford University, where she also completed her internal medicine residency. Dr. Yurkiewicz holds an MD from Harvard Medical School and a BS from Yale University. She went into hematology and oncology because of the high-stakes decision-making, meaningful relationships with patients, and opportunity to help people through some of the toughest challenges of their lives. Dr. Yurkiewicz is also a medical journalist. She is a former AAAS Mass Media Fellow and Scientific American blog columnist, and her writing has appeared in numerous media outlets including Hematology News, where she writes the monthly column Hard Questions. Dr. Yurkiewicz is on Twitter: @ilanayurkiewicz.