EXETER, ENGLAND — A standardized ear acupuncture protocol effectively reduced hot flashes in women receiving tamoxifen as adjuvant treatment for breast cancer, according to an interim analysis presented at a symposium on alternative and complementary therapies sponsored by the universities of Exeter and Plymouth.
The National Acupuncture and Detoxification Association (NADA) protocol has been used for 30 years to treat withdrawal symptoms in substance abusers, most famously at the Lincoln Medical and Mental Health Center in New York City's South Bronx, Beverley de Valois said.
Ms. de Valois, a Ph.D. candidate at Thames Valley University, London, and a research acupuncturist at the Lynda Jackson Macmillan Centre at Mount Vernon Hospital, Northwood, had previously done a study of traditional acupuncture for women experiencing adverse effects during tamoxifen treatment. “The results were encouraging, but the methodology is complex and time consuming, and our goal at the center is to make treatment for tamoxifen-related side effects widely and easily available,” she said.
There also were some difficulties in administering traditional acupuncture. Needling the limb on the affected side is discouraged because of fears that this might lead to lymphedema, she said. This restriction was particularly problematic for women who had had bilateral mastectomies.
She had previously worked with the NADA protocol, and because some of the side effects of tamoxifen—night sweats, anxiety, and sleep difficulties—resemble those of withdrawal, she thought this might be useful for these patients as well.
A total of 50 women were recruited for the study. They had to be taking tamoxifen for at least 6 months and having four or more vasomotor incidents per day. The treatment involved eight acupuncture sessions, five patients at a time, during a 29-week period. Participants recorded the frequency and severity of hot flashes in diaries and were asked how they subjectively rated the treatment.
There was no control group, and any placebo effect was not addressed.
An interim analysis of the first 35 patients showed a reduction in frequency from a mean of 10.32 flashes per day at baseline to 7.24 at the end of treatment, a statistically significant mean reduction of 24.4%, Ms. de Valois said. Sleep also improved as nocturnal hot flashes decreased.
Participants gave high marks to the experience of receiving the treatment in groups, where they met others with similar problems and were able to share experiences and information, she said.