ARLINGTON, VA. — International medical graduates have become an integral part of providing medical care in federally designated physician shortage areas, according to results from a recent study.
“Compared to U.S.-trained physicians, IMGs provide more primary care and more [overall] medical care to populations living in primary care shortage areas” as well as to minorities, immigrants, patients in poor areas, and Medicaid recipients, said Esther Hing of the National Center for Health Statistics, Hyattsville, Md. Ms. Hing and her colleague Susan Lin, Dr.P.H., studied 2005–2006 data from the National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey. The survey was nationally representative, and the data used by the researchers included information from 2,390 physicians in office-based practices. Surveyors performed a face-to-face interview and abstracted medical records for about 30 office visits. Ms. Hing presented the survey results at the 2008 Physician Workforce Research Conference.
The survey showed that IMGs make up 25% of office-based physicians. They tend to be a little older that U.S.-trained doctors, with an average age of 52 years, compared with 50 years for physicians trained in the United States. The racial and ethnic differences were more pronounced: 71% of U.S. medical graduates were non-Hispanic white vs. 26% of IMGs. Asian/Pacific Islanders made up 32% of IMGs, compared with 5% of U.S. medical graduates. Hispanic and Latino physicians accounted for 7% of IMGs, compared with 2% of U.S. graduates.
IMGs also practiced more often in counties that included primary care shortage areas than did U.S.-trained physicians—87% vs. 79%. And IMGs more often saw patients during evening and weekend hours than their U.S.-trained counterparts. IMGs were more likely to accept new patients and to accept Medicaid.
“This study illustrates how the U.S. health care system continues to rely on IMGs to address shortages in primary care,” Ms. Hing said at the conference, which was sponsored by the Association of American Medical Colleges and Harvard Medical School.