Key clinical point: Early and continuous ocrelizumab treatment can provide sustained benefit on clinical and magnetic resonance imaging measures for disease progression in patients with relapsing multiple sclerosis (MS).
Major finding: At 5 years, the cumulative proportion of patients with 24-week confirmed disability progression was lower among those who continued ocrelizumab vs those who switched from interferon (IFN) β-1a to ocrelizumab (16.1% vs 21.3%; P = .014). Similarly, brain atrophy was significantly lower among those who continued ocrelizumab than in those who switched to ocrelizumab ( P less than .01).
Study details : The OPERA open label extension study evaluated long-term efficacy and safety (5 years follow-up) of ocrelizumab (600 mg) in adults with relapsing MS. Patients previously assigned to INF β-1a (n = 829) and ocrelizumab (n = 827) entered the open-label extension phase in this study, of which 623 switched to ocrelizumab and 702 continued ocrelizumab, respectively
Disclosures: This study was supported by F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd, Basel, Switzerland. The lead author reporting receiving travel reimbursement and writing assistance from F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd for CD20-related meetings and presentations. Some of his coinvestigators reported owning stock in, being an employee of, receiving support from, and/or serving on scientific advisory board for F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd.
Citation: Hauser SL et al. Neurology. 2020 Jul 20. doi: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000010376.