Multiple cranial nerve blocks may provide an efficacious, well tolerated and reproducible transitional treatment for chronic headache disorders, a new study found. The uncontrolled, open-label study included 119 patients with chronic cluster headache, chronic migraine, short-lasting unilateral neuralgiform attack disorders, new daily persistent headaches, hemicrania continua and chronic paroxysmal hemicrania. All had failed to respond to greater occipital nerve blocks. Researchers found:
- Response rate for the entire cohort was 55.4%: Chronic cluster headache (69.2%), chronic migraine (49%), short-lasting unilateral neuralgiform attack disorders (56.3%), new daily persistent headache (10%), hemicrania continua (83.3%), and chronic paroxysmal hemicrania (25%).
- Time to benefit was between 0.5 and 33.58 hours.
- Benefit was maintained up to 4 weeks in over half of responders in all groups except chronic migraine and paroxysmal hemicrania.
Miller S, et al. Multiple cranial nerve blocks for the transitional treatment of chronic headaches. [Published online ahead of print May 13, 2019]. Cephalalgia. doi: 10.1177/0333102419848121.