Optimism and pessimism are associated with migraine and migraine‐related disability. This according to a recent study that found that people with migraine were less optimistic and more pessimistic than controls and endorsed higher levels of anxious and depressive symptoms. The sample population was selected through a stratified, multi‐stage area probability sample of households. A validated questionnaire eliciting data on demographics, headache features, migraine‐related disability, depression (PHQ‐9), anxiety (GAD‐7), optimism, and pessimism was administered to people with migraine and headache‐free control participants via trained interviewers. The odds for having migraine/no headache diagnosis were calculated by binary logistic regression, and ordinal regression was performed to check associations between migraine‐related disability and optimism. Researchers found:
- Out of 600 individuals, 302 met inclusion criteria and were included (140 controls [with no history of headache disorders] and 162 people meeting criteria for migraine [29 with chronic migraine, that is, ≥15 headache days/month]).
- Pessimism and anxiety were predictors of meeting criteria for migraine, while optimism was inversely associated with migraine‐related disability.
Peres MFP, Belitardo A, Mercante JP, et al. Optimism, pessimism, and migraine: A cross‐sectional, population‐based study. [Published online ahead of print January 19, 2019]. Headache. doi:10.1111/head.13471.