In order to determine if there is an association between ictal fear and other auras and with patients’ gender and age, investigators analyzed 536 participants in the Epilepsy Phenome/Genome Project. Among 36 patients with confirmed ictal fear, the phenomenon was associated with temporal lobe auras, including cephalic, olfactory, and visceral symptoms, as well as déjà vu and derealization. Aphasias were also correlated with ictal fear but researchers found no link between such fear and age or gender.
Chong DJ, Dugan P; The EPGP Investigators. Ictal fear: associations with age, gender, and other experiential phenomena. Epilepsy Behav. 2016;62:153-158.