Literature Review

Are Status Epilepticus Hospitalizations Increasing?

Retrospective data evaluation examines trends in status-epilepticus-related hospitalizations and mortality.



Over 400,000 status epilepticus-related hospital visits between January 1, 1999 and December 31, 2010 were examined in 2 retrospective serial cross-sectional studies. Status epilepticus-related mortality was relatively stable over the 12-year range but there was a marked increase in status epilepticus hospitalizations (increase of 56.4% from 1999 to 2010). The authors suggest this change could be due to an increase in status epilepticus diagnoses through advanced diagnostic sensitivity or adjustments in medical billing and coding. The authors advocate that the standard approach to status epilepticus should evolve with these new epidemiologic trends.

Betjemann JP, Josephson SA, Lowenstein DH, Burke JF. Trends in status epilepticus-related hospitalizations and mortality: redefined in US practice over time [published online ahead of print April 27, 2015]. JAMA Neurol. 2015:doi:10.1001/jamaneurol.2015.0188.

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