Key clinical point: The COVID-19 pandemic adversely affected psychological functioning in young US college students with migraine and increased depression and anxiety, attenuating potential improvements achieved in headache-related disability during the pandemic.
Major finding: Levels of depression, anxiety, and stress were significantly higher during vs before the COVID-19 pandemic (all P ≤ .01), whereas headache-related disability was lower (direct effect [c′] −1.6; 95% CI −3.1 to −0.1). However, anxiety (indirect effect [b] 0.3; 95% CI 0.01-0.9) and depression (b 0.7; 95% CI 0.07-1.4) mediated an increase in headache-related disability during vs before the pandemic, thereby canceling improvements achieved during the pandemic.
Study details: This cross-sectional study included 365 undergraduate students aged ≥18 years with episodic migraine with or without aura or chronic migraine who were surveyed before (n = 223) or during (n = 142) the COVID-19 pandemic.
Disclosures: This study did not receive any specific funding. TA Smitherman reported previously serving on the advisory board for Teva Pharmaceuticals (unrelated to this study).
Source: Thaxter LY and Smitherman TA. The effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on headache-related disability among young adults with migraine. Headache. 2022;62(10):1293-1301 (Nov 23). Doi: 10.1111/head.14411