The Food and Drug Administration has granted fast-track designation to CX-01 as a treatment for patients older than 60 years receiving induction therapy for newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (AML).
also has orphan drug designation from the FDA.
CX-01 is a polysaccharide derived from heparin thought to enhance chemotherapy by disrupting leukemia cell adhesion in bone marrow. Cantex Pharmaceuticals is conducting a randomized, phase 2b study to determine whether CX-01 can improve the efficacy of frontline chemotherapy in patients with AML.
This study builds upon results of a pilot study, which were published in
A total of 11 patients achieved morphological complete remission after one cycle of induction. This included two patients who did not complete induction. All patients received subsequent therapy – consolidation, salvage, or transplant – on or off study.
At a median follow-up of 24 months, eight patients were still alive. Two patients died of transplant-related complications, one died of infectious complications, and one died of cerebral hemorrhage. The median disease-free survival was 14.8 months, and the median overall survival was not reached.
There were five serious adverse events in five patients; most were considered unrelated to CX-01, but a case of grade 4 sepsis was possibly related.
The FDA’s fast-track development program is designed to expedite clinical development and submission of applications for products with the potential to treat serious or life-threatening conditions and address unmet medical needs.