Key clinical point: Abrocitinib and upadacitinib demonstrated acceptable safety profiles and provided greater improvements in disease signs and symptoms compared with dupilumab as early as week 2 in patients with moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis (AD).
Major finding: A significantly higher proportion of patients in the abrocitinib/upadacitinib vs dupilumab group achieved a ≥75% improvement in Eczema Area and Severity Index scores and ≥4-point improvement in Peak Pruritus Numerical Rating Scale scores at 2 weeks (relative risk [RR] 1.92 and RR 1.87, respectively; both P < .001) and the end of therapy (RR 1.12; P = .002 and RR 1.20; P < .001, respectively). Although the severe adverse event rate was higher in the abrocitinib/upadacitinib vs dupilumab group (P = .043), the treatment-emergent adverse event rate leading to treatment discontinuation was similar.
Study details: This meta-analysis of three randomized controlled trials included 2256 patients with moderate-to-severe AD who received abrocitinib, upadacitinib, or dupilumab.
Disclosures: This study did not receive any funding. The authors declared no conflicts of interest.
Source: Gao Q et al. Efficacy and safety of abrocitinib and upadacitinib versus dupilumab in adults with moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Heliyon. 2023;9:E16704 (Jun 2). doi: 10.1016/j.heliyon.2023.e16704/p>