Gait disorders: Search for multiple causes

Gait disorders in elderly patients often lead to falls, disability, and functional decline. More often than not, they represent more than one coexisting condition.

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Gait disorders predict functional decline in older adults. They are often the result of multiple causes, so a full assessment should consider different sensorimotor levels and should include a focused physical examination and evaluation of functional performance. Exercise and medical and surgical interventions are effective and can reduce the degree of gait disorder, but usually not without some residual impairment. Orthoses and mobility aids are also important interventions to consider.



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