Hassan W. Nemeh, MD Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Loyola University Medical Center, Maywood, IL
Nicholas G. Smedira, MD Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, The Cleveland Clinic
Address: Hassan W. Nemeh, MD, Loyola University Medical Center, 2160 South First Avenue, Building 110, Room 6237, Maywood, IL 60153; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
This paper discusses therapies that are experimental or that are not approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for the use under discussion.
ABSTRACTLeft ventricular assist devices (LVADs) and artificial hearts are improving. These devices can prolong a patient's life while on a heart transplant list. More exciting, mechanical assistance may provide an opportunity for a damaged heart to recover some function. Still, despite the promise, the use of these devices raises some difficult cost-benefit and ethical questions.