Rheumatologic manifestations of HIV-1 and HTLV-I infections
Dimitrios Vassilopoulos, MD
Department of Rheumatic and Immunologic Diseases, Cleveland Clinic
Leonard H. Calabrese, DO
Vice Chairman, Department of Rheumatic and Immunologic Diseases, Cleveland Clinic; specializing in treating patients with AIDS
Address: Leonard H. Calabrese, DO, Department of Rheumatic and Immunologic Diseases, A50, Cleveland Clinic, 9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44195-5028
HIV infection is the new “great mimic.” Although its more common signs and symptoms are well known, HIV infection sometimes presents with rheumatologic manifestations, as does human T-cell lymphotrophic virus type I (HTLV-I), the causative agent of adult T-cell leukemia. This review briefly describes these manifestations and presents a logical clinical approach to their diagnosis and treatment.