Coronary artery disease in women: a risk-factor analysis
Anita Zeiler Arnold, DO
Donald A. Underwood, MDAddress reprint requests to D.A.U., Department of Cardiology, F15, The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, 9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44195.
Risk factor modification is important in preventing coronary artery disease; however, risk factors for coronary artery disease have been studied mostly in men, not women.OBJECTIVE
To examine risk factors for coronary artery disease in women.METHODS
We retrospectively reviewed the records of all adult women who underwent their first-ever cardiac catheterization at our institution in 1983. Risk factors in women with angiographic evidence of coronary atherosclerosis were compared with risk factors in women without angiographic evidence of coronary artery disease.RESULTS
Risk factors identified included age, diabetes mellitus, hypertension for more than 5 years, hyperlipidemia, smoking, and familial coronary artery disease.CONCLUSIONS
Risk factors for coronary artery disease in women are similar to those of men.