Article

Lipid and lipoprotein abnormalities in lower-extremity arteriosclerosis obliterans

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Abstract

The prevalence of abnormal lipid and lipoprotein values was determined in 125 consecutive patients with lower-extremity arteriosclerosis obliterans, and the lipid and lipoprotein abnormalities in these patients were characterized. Only 13% of the patients had normal lipid/lipoprotein profiles. Forty-eight percent of patients had low levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. High-density lipoprotein cholesterol values were lower in patients with concomitant coronary heart disease compared with those without heart disease. High-density lipoprotein cholesterol values were inversely related to weight, to triglyceride values, and to diabetes mellitus. Twenty-eight percent of patients had “desirable” total cholesterol levels (<200 mg/dL), and 32% had low-density lipoprotein cholesterol values less than 130 mg/dL. Following National Cholesterol Education Program guidelines may be misleading in patients with documented lower-extremity atherosclerosis; therefore, complete lipid/lipoprotein profiles should be performed in these patients.


 

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