With the need for training thousands of men in radar and electronics, Captain William Eddy, Chief of Education for the Navy, realized that visual aids were necessary to cover the prescribed instruction in the time allotted him to prepare men for the Navy. He used every available visual aid to shorten the study periods and, without doubt, produced the greatest number of acceptable technicians ever trained in history. It was his interest in visual aids which stimulated the use of a special kaleidoscope for the correction of central visual defects and the improvement of vision in low grade myopia, thus aiding affected men in passing the required vision tests. In consultation on the use of television some four years ago, we both felt it was a readily usable adjunct in the field of surgery and have since been devising means of using it in teaching.
With the advent of a new camera recently constructed by R.C.A., it seemed feasible that a small portable unit could be constructed for use in the average operating room. For some time we have been working out the problem in the main studio of Paramount, the State Lake Building, Chicago, Illinois, with the assistance of Mr. Richard Shapiro and Mr. John Krimp, expert technicians for television. We worked with various types of lenses that would be necessary to televise the operations. In the home studios we used the long-focus narrow-angle lens; however, this lens was not available for the work at Cleveland Clinic, and we. . .