NATIONAL HARBOR, MD. – In a pooled analysis of three trials conducted with the transcatheter Carillon Mitral Contour System for mitral valve repair, the 5-year survival is 56.2%, which is an encouraging outcome that justifies the ongoing multinational pivotal Carillon trial, according to the principal investigator of the analysis presented at CRT 2020 sponsored by MedStar Heart & Vascular Institute.
In patients with functional mitral valve regurgitation (FMR), “the Carillon device shows extremely encouraging long-term mortality data from prospective controlled trials in comparison with guideline-directed medical therapy or with the COAPT results,” according to, PhD, department of cardiology, University Hospital, Clermont-Ferrand, France.
The COAPT trial is an important benchmark, because it was the first large, randomized trial to show benefit for a percutaneous device in the treatment of heart failure patients with moderate to severe FMR (). The study associated the MitraClip with a nearly 40% reduction in all-cause mortality (29.1% vs. 46.1%) at 24 months, relative to guideline-directed medical therapy (GDMT).
The Carillon device, which is also delivered percutaneously, does not engage the valve leaflets to treat FMR. Rather, it is anchored in coronary sinus to reform the mitral annulus. This reduces FMR without damage to the mitral valve, thus preserving the potential for future valve repairs, according to Dr. Lipiecki, who reported that more than 1,100 devices have now been implanted, mostly in Europe.
The data so far are encouraging, said Dr. Lipiecki, who provided survival data in 74 patients followed for at least 5 years. Of these, 23 were drawn from the REDUCE FMR trial, which was blinded and sham controlled, and the remainder from the TITAN and TITAN II studies, which were prospective but not controlled.
In this series of 74 patients, there were no serious complications associated with the procedure, and all achieved a reduction in mitral regurgitation at 12 months, Dr. Lipiecki said. Furthermore, the reduction in FMR was associated with improvements in symptoms and “favorable remodeling” reflected in reduced left ventricular volume, he said.
In this series, the 5-year survival is 56%, which substantially exceeds what would be expected with GDMT, according to Dr. Lipiecki.
There were no baseline predictors of long-term survival, but improvements within the 6 months in functional heart class, 6-minute walk distance (6MWD), and mitral regurgitation were significantly associated with a greater likelihood of being alive at 5 years.
Although there is no comparable follow-up with other devices, including the MitraClip, Dr. Lipiecki did compare the 67.9% survival at 3 years in this series to that of the COAPT trial. He restricted the comparison to those treated for grade 3+ or 4+ mitral regurgitation. At 36 months, survival rates were 57.2% and 44.5% for those treated with MitraClip and GDMT, respectively.
“COAPT patients might not be comparable for a variety of reasons, including the anatomic restrictions important to the use of either of these devices,” Dr. Lipiecki acknowledged, but he said the long-term data with the Carillon device provide support for the pivotal Carillon trial now enrolling.
In this blinded trial, more than 350 patients at 75 sites are being randomized to placement of the Carillon device, which has been available in Europe since 2011, or a sham procedure. The trial is scheduled for completion in 2025.