Canagliflozin approved for cardiovascular event risk reduction


The Food and Drug Administration has approved canagliflozin (Invokana) as a way to reduce the risk of major adverse cardiovascular events in patients with type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease, according to Janssen Pharmaceuticals.

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The sodium–glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitor was first approved in 2013 to improve glycemic control in adults with type 2 diabetes.

FDA approval was based on results from the CANVAS (Canagliflozin Cardiovascular Assessment Study) trial, which included more than 10,000 adults with type 2 diabetes who either had cardiovascular disease or were at risk for cardiovascular disease. Overall, patients who received canagliflozin had a 14% lower risk of experiencing a major cardiovascular event over the control group, and patients with established cardiovascular disease had an 18% lower risk.

The most common adverse events associated with canagliflozin include female genital mycotic infections, urinary tract infection, and increased urination. Notably, canagliflozin also increases the risk of lower-extremity amputation, especially in those with a history of amputation.

“Americans living with type 2 diabetes are two to three times more likely to die from heart disease than adults without diabetes. With this approval, Invokana now plays an even more important role in the overall treatment mix with its demonstrated ability to reduce the risk of potentially devastating cardiovascular events,” Ralph A. DeFronzo, MD, professor and division chief of medicine and diabetes at the University of Texas, San Antonio, said in the press release.

The new indication applies to all formulations of canagliflozin.

Find the full press release on the Janssen website.

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