Conference Coverage

VIDEO: PCI outcomes lag in women, minorities


– The relatively low number of women and minority-group patients enrolled into cardiovascular disease clinical trials may skew the results, based on a comparison of outcomes following coronary stenting in an analysis of more than 4,000 patients.

During 12 months following coronary-disease treatment with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), women of diverse racial and ethnic backgrounds had a statistically significant 60% relative increase in death and myocardial infarctions, compared with white men, after adjustment for known baseline variables, Wayne B. Batchelor, MD, reported at the Transcatheter Cardiovascular Therapeutics annual meeting.

Minority patients, a mix of women and men, had a 90% relative rise in death and MIs, and a 60% higher rate of MIs after adjustment, both statistically significant differences.

Dr. Batchelor and his associates have not yet analyzed what factors are behind these worse outcomes in women and minority patients. But he suspects social and economic factors may provide at least some explanation, including income, education, language fluency, exercise habits, and access to health care.

“I think the trends we saw are real; the question is what accounts for the differences,” said Dr. Batchelor, an interventional cardiologist in Tallahassee, Fla. Regardless of the causes, he believes that the outcome differences have important immediate messages.

“We need to ensure better representation of women and minorities in clinical trials,” he said in an interview. “We don’t collect enough data from women and minorities. Historically, they have been underrepresented in trials.”

Another lesson is the importance of putting women and minority patients with cardiovascular disease on guideline-directed treatment, including dual antiplatelet therapy, lipid-lowering drugs, and antihypertensive drugs. The results show potential opportunity to further improve outcomes in women and minority patients, Dr. Batchelor said at the meeting, sponsored by the Cardiovascular Research Foundation.

The PLATINUM Diversity trial enrolled 1,501 women and men from minority groups with coronary disease who required PCI at one of 52 U.S. sites. For his analysis, Dr. Batchelor combined the 12-month outcomes of these patients with 12-month data from 2,687 unselected patients enrolled in the PROMUS Element Plus post-marketing approval study, a group of mostly white men.

The PLATINUM Diversity trial was sponsored by Boston Scientific. Dr. Batchelor has received research support from and has been a speaker for and consultant to Boston Scientific. He also has been a speaker for and consultant to Abbott Vascular and Medtronic.

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