Residents' News

Many surgical residents consider quitting during training

Major finding: More than half of survey respondents (58%) considered quitting their general surgery residency, an issue more persistent with female respondents.

Data source: Analysis of 288 responses to a survey of general surgery residents in 13 residency programs across different regions (West, Southwest, Midwest, and Northeast) and training centers (university programs, independent programs, or hybrid university-affiliated programs without an onsite university or medical school).

Disclosures: The study was approved by the human subjects committee of the Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute at Harbor-UCLA Medical Center, Los Angeles. The authors reported no conflicts of interest.

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Program directors need to be proactive in keeping residents

Program directors at residency programs "must take a purposeful, proactive approach from the beginning of surgery residency that shows residents how they can achieve a healthy balance of work and life, create practices over which they have control, and live happy, productive lives," Dr. Karen Deveney writes in a commentary published online July 30 in JAMA Surgery 2014 [doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2014964]).

Dr. Deveney also cautioned about current surgeons being openly critical of their chosen profession. "We have failed our younger generation if we whine and complain about our wretched lives rather than taking steps that are available to use to be proactive, take control of our own fates, and realize what a privileged position we are in as surgeons. Women residents are particularly vulnerable to worries that they may not be able to juggle competing demands of their families and their careers and need to be matched with female surgeons in practice who have managed successfully to find that balance."

Dr. Deveney works in the department of surgery at the Oregon Health and Science University in Portland.


 

FROM JAMA Surgery

References

A majority of general surgery residents seriously consider dropping out of their training, with female residents more likely to consider quitting, a new study in JAMA Surgery reveals.

According to a survey, 58.0% of the 288 respondents "seriously considered leaving training." The most frequent reasons cited for wanting to quit training were sleep deprivation on a specific rotation (50%), an undesirable future lifestyle (47%), and excessive work hours on a specific rotation (41.4%). Survey results were published online July 30 in JAMA Surgery (2014 [doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2014.935]).

© Maridav / iStockphoto.com

A new study finds that most general surgery residents, mainly females, consider dropping out of training.

Factors cited that ultimately keep general surgery residents from ending training are support from family or significant other (65%), support from other residents (63.5%), and perception of being better rested (58.9%).

"We believe that our survey findings highlight the fact that a desire to leave training may not be affected by job rigor alone but rather [by] program-specific or rotation-specific factors or dissatisfaction with a future career in general surgery," the report states. Dr. Edward Gifford of the department of surgery, University of California, Los Angeles, Medical Center, is the report’s lead author.

In addressing the factors that led to consideration for leaving training, the authors noted that "a potential remedy may be to identify those high work-hour rotations and modify them accordingly," though lifestyle concerns may be harder to address as practicing surgeons "continue to experience high levels of work-home conflicts and burnout."

For women specifically, another issue is "the paucity of female mentors in academic surgery," the report states. "Striving to increase the number of female faculty members within training programs and refining the mentor-mentee relationship with incoming residents may improve the outlook and productivity of future female surgeons."

Overall, while men’s thoughts of quitting decreased as their residency progressed, women’s considerations remained persistent. The report cites previous studies that reported that men and women view general surgery careers differently, including that it was not a welcoming career because of lifestyle challenges, particularly if the woman had children, limited flexible training, and lack of role models.

"These findings may explain why women in our survey continued to consider leaving residency throughout the duration of training and underscores the importance of supporting female residents through the difficult balance between motherhood and professional life," the report states.

The study was approved by the human subjects committee of the Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute at Harbor-UCLA Medical Center, Los Angeles. The authors reported no conflicts of interest.

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