ORLANDO – compared with patients treated before the intervention, an investigator reported at the American College of Surgeons Quality and Safety Conference.
These patients had a lower pneumonia rate and were more often discharged to home from acute care after the program was implemented, according to Lila Gottenbos, RN, BSN, of Langley (B.C.) Memorial Hospital.
The intervention incorporated some traditional enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) process measures, along with others that were not so traditional, Ms. Gottenbos said. “Implementing ERAS in a fractured hip patient population is possible, and by doing so, more patients go home faster to their previous places of residence with fewer complications.”
A multidisciplinary team at Langley Memorial Hospital, a 200-bed community hospital with approximately 6,000 surgical procedures performed each year, has used ERAS measures in their colorectal patient population since 2013. Those measures have been successful in creating a sustained reduction in morbidity and length of stay, according to Ms. Gottenbos.
The team began searching for other patient populations who might also benefit. They chose to focus on the fractured hip population, which in 2015 had a 9.7% mortality rate, 17% morbidity rate, 5% pneumonia rate, and 19% rate of discharge to home from acute care. “We looked at this data and we realized we had a significant opportunity to do better for our patients,” Ms. Gottenbos told meeting attendees.
The team developed ERAS-based process measures tailored specifically to pre- and postoperative challenges in the fractured hip patient population, Ms. Gottenbos said. Measures included preoperative patient and family education, elimination of prolonged preoperative NPO status, early mobilization, assessment of mentation, and use of standardized order sets. The protocol has been applied to every hip fracture patient who has had surgery from January 2016 to the present. The hospital averages 110 of these procedures per year.
Fractured hip mortality dropped after the modified ERAS process measures were adopted, Ms. Gottenbos reported. Measured to 30 days postoperatively, mortality decreased from 9.7% in 2015 to 4.2% by 2017. Similarly, fractured hip morbidity within 30 days, excluding transfusion, dropped from 17.7% in 2015 to 11.7% in 2017, and fractured hip pneumonia dropped from 5.4% to 2.5%.
Perhaps the most telling evidence of success, according to the presenter, was the increase in the number of patients going home from acute care: “Before ERAS, fractured hip patients were going home to their place of residence less than 20% of the time from the acute care setting, meaning they were languishing in the hospital, in a convalescent unit, in a rehab unit, or worse, residential care,” she said. “We’ve been able to increase that to over 43%.”
The program is ongoing. A multidisciplinary team meets monthly to review outcomes data and devise strategies to improve compliance with the process measures. “It’s an iterative process, and it’s one that’s worked very well for us so far,” Ms. Gottenbos remarked.
The investigator had no disclosures.