SEATTLE – Endoscopic stent migration fell from 41% of stent cases to 15% after surgeons at Lenox Hill Hospital, New York, started to secure stents with a single, proximal figure-of-eight overstitch.
Anastomotic leaks are a major and potentially fatal complication of bariatric surgery. Stents are one of the fix options: An expanding tube is rolled down over the wound to take the pressure off and give it time to heal. The stent is removed after the leak closes, which can take a few weeks or longer.
Stents designed specifically for the procedure will likely address the problem in the near future, but for now, the overstitch helps at Lenox Hill. Meanwhile, “it’s important to [realize] that stent migration did not adversely impact [bariatric surgery] failure rates, nor was migration associated with the incidence of revision surgery,” said surgery resident Varun Krishnan, MD.
Dr. Krishnan was the lead investigator on a review of 37 leak cases at Lenox Hill from 2005 to 2017, 17 before overstitch was begun in 2012, and 20 afterwards, with follow-up out to 71 months. The results were presented at the World Congress of Endoscopic Surgery hosted by SAGES & CAGS. The senior investigator was Lenox Hill surgeon Julio Teixeira, MD, FACS, associate professor of medicine at Hofstra University, Hempstead, N.Y. He reported the first use of stents for bariatric leaks in 2007 ().
The goal of the review was to address lingering concerns about long-term effects of stents on weight loss and other issues. In the end, “our experience with stenting has been very positive. It’s a very good [option] for treating leaks after bariatric surgery,” Dr. Krishnan said,
The overall success rate was 95%. The 2 failures were both in the sleeve gastrectomy patient group, which made up 43% of the 37 leak cases. The leaks were fixed in one sleeve patient with conversion to a Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, and the other with a stent redo. Both were in the overstitch group.