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VIDEO: Andexanet alfa effectively reverses factor Xa anticoagulant

 

Key clinical point: An anticoagulant reversal drug showed efficacy, safety in its pivotal trial.

Major finding: Hemostatic efficacy of andexanet alfa was 83%, and thrombotic events occurred in 11%.

Study details: ANNEXA-4, a single arm cohort study with 227 patients.

Disclosures: ANNEXA-4 is sponsored by Portola Pharmaceuticals, the company developing andexanet alfa (AndexXa). Dr. Connolly has been a consultant to Portola and also to Bayer, Boehringer-Ingelheim, Bristol-Myers Squibb, and Sanofi-Aventis.

Source: Connolly S. ACC 2018.

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Andexanet alfa will boost factor Xa inhibitor use

Treatment with andexanet alfa produced good or excellent hemostasis in 83% of patients in the ANNEXA-4 study, which is what matters when patients are bleeding. Clinicians want to know that you can restore coagulation to a level where you can stop bleeding, and that’s what the results show.

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The lack of a reversal agent until now for direct-acting factor Xa inhibitor drugs has probably been a modest but real obstacle to widespread adoption of these agents. We can look at the example of another new oral anticoagulant, dabigatran (Pradaxa), which works by a different mechanism, specifically by inhibiting thrombin. After a reversal agent for dabigatran, idarucizumab (Praxbind) received Food and Drug Administration approval and became available in late 2015, an uptick in dabigatran prescriptions occurred. That experience shows that patients and providers want the safety net of a reversal agent. They want to know that, if there is bleeding or need for urgent surgery, there is a way to facilitate restoration of hemostasis.

It’s the same with direct factor Xa inhibitors: Some patients are concerned about the lack of a reversal agent, and having such an agent may help increase access to these agents for such patients. I think that, once andexanet becomes available for routine U.S. practice, we’ll see an uptick in prescribing of direct factor Xa inhibitors. Also, some patients who have opted for treatment with warfarin will switch to a safer class of drugs, the direct factor X a inhibitors. A myth exists that reversal agents can easily negate the anticoagulant effect of warfarin. The reality is that, despite having treatments that reverse warfarin’s effect, this is often not an easy process in actual practice.

On the safety side, there was no indication in the ANNEXA-4 results of rebound thrombosis with andexanet alfa treatment. Patients receiving a direct factor Xa inhibitor are prothrombotic – that’s why they are on an anticoagulant – so their risk for a thrombotic event is always there, especially when they are not fully anticoagulated, such as when a reversal agent is administered. We need to look to restarting treatment with an anticoagulant because these patients have a high thrombotic risk.

Gregory Piazza, MD , is a cardiologist at Brigham and Women’s Hospital in Boston. He has been an advisor to Portola Pharmaceuticals, the company developing andexanet alfa, as well as to Bayer and Pfizer, and he has received research funding from Bristol-Myers Squibb, Janssen, and Daiichi Sankyo. He made these comments in an interview .


 

REPORTING FROM ACC 18

– Andexanet alfa, a new agent that reverses the anticoagulant effect of direct factor Xa inhibitors, showed an acceptable level of efficacy and safety in 227 patients who received the drug in the agent’s pivotal trial.

These results, which placed andexanet in the same ballpark for efficacy and safety as idarucizumab (Praxbind), approved in 2015 for reversing the anticoagulant dabigatran (Pradaxa), suggest that andexanet is likely on track for its own Food and Drug Administration marketing approval, Stuart Connolly, MD, said at the annual meeting of the American College of Cardiology.

Dr. Stuart Connolly Mitchel L. Zoler/MDedge News
Dr. Stuart Connolly
Portola Pharmaceuticals, the company developing andexanet alfa (AndexXa) previously announced that it expected Food and Drug Administration action on its marketing application by May 2018.

Andexanet reversal “has similar efficacy and safety as seen with other reversal agents” for other types of anticoagulants, said Dr. Connolly, a professor of medicine and an electrophysiologist at McMaster University in Hamilton, Ont. In the trial results he reported, andexanet treatment of patients who were bleeding while on treatment with a direct factor Xa inhibitor had an 83% rate of hemostatic efficacy and an 11% rate of thrombotic events. By comparison, idarucizumab, the FDA-approved reversal agent for the anticoagulant dabigatran, produced a 68% hemostatic efficacy and a 6% rate of thrombotic events in the idarucizumab pivotal trial, RE-VERSE AD (N Engl J Med. 2015 Aug 6;373[6]:511-20).

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