I am pleased to once again submit an annual report for publication in ACS Surgery News. The American College of Surgeons (ACS) had a productive year in 2017 and looks forward to seeing a range of new programs evolve in 2018.
A health policy issue of considerable concern to ACS Fellows is the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services’ efforts to implement the payment reforms in the Medicare Access and CHIP (Children’s Health Insurance Program) Reauthorization Act (MACRA) of 2015. Specifically, 2017 was the transition year for implementation of the Quality Payment Program’s (QPP’s) Merit-based Incentive Payment System (MIPS), and MIPS data collected in 2017 will be used to determine annual payment updates in 2019.
In 2018, the second year of MIPS, the penalty for nonparticipation has increased to 5 percent from 4 percent. Over time, the penalty for nonparticpation or poor performance will continue to rise. The College has created a variety of resources to assist Fellows in their efforts to comply with MIPS, which explain the purpose and structure of the MIPS program and help guide surgeons in choosing and achieving the goal that is right for their individual practice. These tools can be found on the ACS website at facs.org/qpp.
In addition to MIPS, the QPP calls for the establishment of Alternative Payment Models (APMs). The College has worked with thought leaders at Brandeis University, Waltham, MA, to develop the ACS-Brandeis Advanced APM. In 2017, the Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services reviewed the proposal and made recommendations for improvement. Efforts to develop the model continue, and the ACS is working with private insurers and entities that may implement the APM model once available.
The College is leading a significant effort to address the needs of surgeons who are looking to update their skills. The Steering Committee for Retraining and Retooling of Practicing Surgeons is working to define standards and establish a national infrastructure to achieve optimal outcomes. The ACS Accredited Education Institutes are at the core of this infrastructure.
At Clinical Congress 2017, we launched the ACS Academy of Master Surgeon Educators. The goals of the academy are to recognize master surgeon educators, advance the science and practice of leading-edge surgical education and training, foster innovation and collaboration, support faculty development and recognition, and underscore the importance of surgical education and training.
Also at Clinical Congress, the ACS Committee on Ethics unveiled Ethical Issues in Surgical Care, a landmark resource that defines a framework for the field of surgical ethics as it has evolved over the last decade. The book is organized into four sections that address the broad areas of general consideration, the surgeon-patient relationship, the surgeon and the surgical profession, and the surgeon and society.
The College released Optimal Resources for Surgical Quality and Safety, also known as the “red book,” in July 2017.This manual provides a guide for surgical quality leaders seeking to improve quality and safety in their institutions, departments, and practices. Efforts are under way to develop adjunctive or integrated resources/standards and to potentially establish a Surgical Quality Verification Program.
The red book was released at the 2017 ACS Quality and Safety Conference, formerly the ACS National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS NSQIP®) Annual Conference, in New York, NY. The conference, which focused on a broad range of ACS Quality Programs, boasted a record-breaking attendance of more than 1,800 attendees.
The new Surgeon Specific Registry was the first ACS database to launch as part of the College’s integrated registry of the future, which ultimately will allow users to share relevant quality data across individual ACS Quality Programs, such as ACS NSQIP and the Trauma Quality Improvement Program (TQIP®).
Other new quality initiatives include the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Safety Program for Improving Surgical Care and Recovery (ISCR), which the ACS is conducting in collaboration with Johns Hopkins Medicine Armstrong Institute for Patient Safety and Quality, Baltimore, MD. This program supports hospitals in implementing perioperative evidence-based pathways to improve clinical outcomes, reduce hospital length of stay, and improve the patient experience.
The ACS also has become the new home of Strong for Surgery, originally developed by surgeons in Washington State. This program empowers hospitals and clinics to integrate checklists into the preoperative phase of care.
In addition, the ACS was awarded a three-year, multimillion dollar R01 grant from the National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities. ACS Past-President L.D. Britt, MD, MPH, DSc(Hon), FACS, FCCM, FRCSEng(Hon), FRCSEd(Hon), FWACS(Hon), FRCSI(Hon), FCS(SA)(Hon), FRCSGlasg(Hon), is the principal investigator on this award, which is aimed at eliminating variances in access to surgical care.