Utilization of mesh in laparoscopic paraesophageal hernia repair (PEHR) remained steady from 2011 to 2014, despite a lack of evidence supporting its use, according to Francisco Schlottmann, MD, and his associates.
In an analysis of 9,590 laparoscopic PEHR performed from 2011 to 2014, 60.6% procedures were done without mesh and 39.4% were done with mesh. Over the 3-year study period, mesh utilization fell only 1.2% overall, with laparoscopic PEHR with mesh accounting for 39.4% of procedures in 2011 and 38.2% in 2014.
Patients who received mesh were slightly older and significantly more likely to be an inpatient admission. Postoperative urinary tract infection was less common in patients with mesh, occurring in 1% of patients, compared with 1.5% of patients without mesh. No significant difference in demographics was seen, and 30-day risk of comorbidity and mortality was the same. Mean length of stay was 2.7 days for PEHR with mesh and 2.5 days for PEHR without mesh.
“The use of mesh is associated with high expenses, and biomedical technology continues to offer newer and more expensive mesh products on the market. Given the progressive aging of the U.S. population, PEHR are expected to increase in the future. The indiscriminate and not supported by evidence use of mesh may determine unnecessary costs for the health care system,” the investigators noted.
Find the full study in the Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery (2017 May 26.).