LAS VEGAS – An automated, minimally invasive, stereotactic-guided lumpectomy performed well in an outpatient setting, with no sutures required, potentially decreasing patient morbidity, according to Pat Whitworth, MD.
Pain scores were low, and all high-risk lesions were successfully removed.
The new technology is part of the natural progression of cancer resection, said Dr. Whitworth, director of the Nashville (Tenn.) Breast Center, at the annual meeting of the American Society of Breast Surgeons.
“We went from radical mastectomy, to modified radical mastectomy, to lumpectomy. This is just part of that progression where we match what we do to what the patient really needs,” he said.
Dr. Whitworth said he believes that radiologists will soon be using such technology to treat breast cancer, which puts the onus on breast cancer surgeons to adopt it themselves. “I think it’s important for breast surgeons to acquire the necessary skill and techniques to use the same tools and work collaboratively with radiologists, because this is coming,” he said.
To see if it were possible to achieve results similar to those with lumpectomy, Dr. Whitworth analyzed data from 279 women who had a small ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), invasive carcinoma, or high-risk lesion removed using a 15- or 20-mm radiofrequency basket capture with imaging guidance (lumpectomy). Patients who received a cancer diagnosis underwent a second, 20-mm basket capture to obtain shaved margins.
The procedure was conducted under local anesthesia and sedation, and the incisions were closed using Steri-Strip skin closures. The average pain score was 1.55 out of 10 (range, 0-7).
Of 125 patients found to have DCIS (n = 52) and invasive lesions (n = 73), the first capture achieved clear margins in 69 cases, and the shaved margin capture achieved clean margins in another 33 cases.
The remaining 23 patients (18%) had a positive margin by histologic standards following lumpectomy and shaved margin. Of the 22 with reported results, 17 (77%) had no residual lesion following open surgery.
The results convinced Dr. Wentworth of the technique’s utility, particularly in patients who may have a heightened surgical risk, he said. “We think this can replace open lumpectomy in selected patients, with favorable margin clearance.”
The approach is fairly simple, but Dr. Wentworth recommended beginning with stereotactic-guided technology before attempting the ultrasound-guided version, which requires a little more skill. “The biggest challenge is learning that you have to use a lot more local anesthetic. When this technology first came out, people tried to use the same amount of local anesthetic that they used for standard vacuum-assisted core biopsy, and it’s very painful unless you put 30 or 40 cc of dilute anesthetic in there,” said Dr. Wentworth.
The study was funded by Medtronic, which markets the technology. Dr. Whitworth is a principal at Targeted Medical Education, which receives funding from Medtronic.