CHICAGO – Although advanced renal dysfunction is a major contraindication for open repair of complex thoracoabdominal aneurysms (TAAA) and pararenal aneurysms (PRA), a single-center study of patients who had branched-fenestrated endovascular aneurysm repair (B-FEVAR) found that those with severe or moderate dysfunction and those with normal kidney function had similar results, according to a study reported at the annual meeting of the Midwestern Vascular Surgery Society.
“In our series of patients with stage 4 and 5 chronic kidney disease, branched-fenestration aneurysm repair for pararenal and thoracoabdominal aneurysm was associated with acceptable morbidity and mortality,” said, of the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn. “Although often a contraindication for open repair, B-FEVAR could be a safe alternative for TAAA patients with poor renal function.”
The study evaluated 231 patients who had B-FEVAR for the following etiologies: 80 for PRA; 89 for Type I to III TAAA; and 62 for type IV TAAA. The patients had at least 1 year of follow-up. A small percentage of patients (4%; n = 9) had stage IV or V chronic kidney disease; the remainder had stage I to III CKD. The study compared results in the lower- and higher-stage CKD groups.
“The frequency of endovascular aortic aneurysm repair continues to increase, and it has advanced to treating more complex aortic pathology,” Dr. Cajas-Monson said. “There appears to be no significant decline in renal function with complex EVAR.” He noted that in open TAAA repair, the more severe the chronic kidney disease state, the worse the outcomes.
The Mayo researchers set out to evaluate the impact of renal function on survival after B-FEVAR for TAAA and PRA. “We hypothesized that renal function is not a significant factor in early and late survival after B-FEVAR,” Dr. Cajas-Monson said. TAAA patients represented 65% of the study population, with 59% having Extent I to III and 41% having Extent IV disease.
Dr. Cajas-Monson noted that demographics were comparable between the higher- and lower-stage CKD groups, with the exception of higher baseline creatinine levels in the CKD 4/5 patients: 3.14 vs. 1.13 (P less than .001). Operative outcomes and length of stay were also similar.
The higher-stage group had a higher overall rate of major adverse events, but given the small sample size this was not found to be significantly different (44% vs. 29%; P = .26). However, there were no events of perioperative death, stroke, paraplegia or estimated blood loss greater than 1 L in the higher-stage patients, while the lower-stage group had low percentages of these events.
Three-year survival was 84% in the lower-stage group and 75% in the higher-stage group.
Dr. Cajas-Monson acknowledged that the small sample size was a limitation of the study. “Further evaluation of patients with renal dysfunction is needed to validate our initial findings,” he said.
This abstract of this study was published in the Journal of Vascular Surgery ().
Dr. Cajas-Monson had no financial relationships to disclose.
SOURCE: Cajas-Monson LC et al. Midwestern Vascular 2019, .