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Mediterranean Diet Adherents Had Less Hip Fractures

Osteoporos Int; ePub 2018 Apr 14; Benetou, et al

In a large sample of older adults from Europe and the US, increased adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MD) was associated with lower hip fracture incidence, according to a recent study. A total of 140,775 adults (116,176 women, 24,599 men) aged ≥60 years, from 5 cohorts from Europe and the US, were followed-up for 1,896,219 person-years experiencing 5,454 hip fractures. Diet was assessed at baseline by validated, cohort-specific, food-frequency questionnaires, and hip fractures were ascertained through patient registers or telephone interviews/questionnaires. Adherence to MD was evaluated by a scoring system on a 10-point scale modified to be applied also to non-Mediterranean populations. Researchers found:

  • A 2-point increase in the score was associated with a significant 4% decrease in hip fracture risk.
  • In categorical analyses, hip fracture risk was lower among men and women with moderate and high adherence to the score compared with those with low adherence.
Citation:

Benetou V, Orfanos P, Feskanich D, et al. Mediterranean diet and hip fracture incidence among older adults: The CHANCES Project. [Published online ahead of print April 14, 2018]. Osteoporos Int. doi:10.1007/s00198-018-4517-6.

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